Health Warnings

Health Warnings

Formaldehyde (Mayo Clinic Report)

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Information from Mayo Clinic Report on:

FORMALDEHYDE

Products Containing Formaldehyde:

  • Alberto-Culver Shampoos (all)
  • Allano Hand-Body Lotion (Amway Corp.)
  • Amway L.O.C. high suds liquid detergent
  • Amway Metal Cleaner & Floor Wax
  • Amway Rug and Upholstery Shampoo
  • Clairol Shampoo
  • Colgate-Palmolive Shampoos
  • Dawn Detergent
  • Dial Shampoo (Armour-Dial, Inc.)
  • Dr. Scholl’s Shoe Deodorizer fungicide
  • Helene Curtis Crème Rinse
  • Jean Nate Shampoo (LCR Mfg. Div.)
  • Kleanwell Mouthwash (Am. Druggists)
  • L.O.C. High Suds detergent
  • Rawleigh antiseptic Solutions/Air Fresh
  • Revlon Aquamarine
  • Richard Hudnut
  • Suave Shampoo w/Egg (Helene Curtis)
  • Watkins Mouth Freshner
  • Wizard Wick

Mayo Clinic

Department of Dermatology

Rochester, Minnesota

Jacksonville, Florida    Scottsdale, Arizona  MC 1744/R1057

Dirty Thirty

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The Dirty Thirty is a list of 30 chemical ingredients that may be linked to cancer. Many have been banned by the European Union on suspicion of their toxicity.  What you may not know is that many of the biggest manufacturers of these products reformulate without these chemicals for the European market, but continue to manufacture with these potentially dangerous chemicals for the US market. Our hope is that you will use this list to help navigate your new purchases, and use your buying power to protect your right to health and a healthy world.

This list was compiled by Teens for Safe Cosmetics based on a survey of over 500 teens who named the products and brands they were using daily. In collaboration with a chemist, the ubiquitous chemicals were investigated for their potential harm to our health.

ALUMINUM ZIRCONIUM and OTHER ALUMINUM COMPOUNDS
Function: Used to control sweat and odor in the underarms by slowing down the production of sweat.
Present in: Antiperspirants. Banned by EU.
Health concerns: Linked to the development of Alzheimer’s Disease; may be linked to breast cancer; probable neurotoxin; possible nervous system, respiratory, and developmental toxin.

BENZYL ACETATE
Function: Solvent; hidden within “fragrance.”
Present in: Many cosmetics and personal care products, read labels.
Health concerns: Linked to pancreatic cancer; easily absorbs into skin causing quick systemic effects; animal studies show hyperemia of the lungs; possible gastrointestinal, liver, and respiratory toxicant; possible neurotoxin.

BENZALKONIUM CHLORIDE and BENZETHONIUM CHLORIDE
Function: Antimicrobial agent, deodorant, preservative, biocide.
Present in: Moisturizer, sunscreen, facial cleanser, acne treatment, pain relief. Restricted in Japan and Canada.
Health concerns: Immune system toxicant; may trigger asthma; possible organ system toxicant; animal studies show endocrine disruption and brain, nervous system, respiratory and blood effects; possible carcinogen.

BRONOPOL
Function: Preservative.
Present in: Moisturizer, body wash, facial cleanser, makeup remover, anti-aging products. Restricted in Canada.
Health concerns: Immune system toxicant; lung and skin toxicant; animal studies show endocrine disruption and gastrointestinal, brain and nervous system effects; irritant.

BUTYL ACETATE
Function: Solvent in polishes and treatments, prevents chipping.
Present in: Nail polish and nail treatments.
Health concerns: Repeated exposure causes skin dryness and cracking; vapors may induce drowsiness or dizziness; flammable.

BUTYLATED HYDROXYTOLUENE (BHT)/ BUTYLATED HYDROXYANISOLE (BHA)
Function: Anti-Oxidant; slows down the rate at which product ingredients change in color.
Present in: Many cosmetics and personal care products, read labels.
Banned by EU.
Health Concerns: Immune system toxicant; endocrine disruptor; probable human carcinogen; animal studies show brain, liver, neurotoxin, reproductive and respiratory toxicant.

ETHOXYLATED INGREDIENTS:CETEARETH/PEG COMPOUNDS
Function: Surfactant, emulsifying or cleansing agent, penetration enhancer.
Present in: Many cosmetics and personal care products, read labels.
Health concerns: Animal studies show brain, nervous system and sense organ effects; irritant; reproductive and skin toxin, alters skin structure, allowing other chemicals to penetrate deep into the skin and increasing the amounts of other chemicals that reach the bloodstream; may contain harmful impurities.

COAL TAR
Function: Controls itching and eczema, softens and promotes the dissolution of hard, scaly, rough skin, also used in hair dyes.
Present in: Shampoo and Hair Dye. Banned by Canada and EU.
Health concerns: Known human carcinogen; skin and respiratory toxicant.

COCAMIDE DEA/ LAURAMIDE DEA
Function: used as foaming agents in shampoos and bath products, and as emulsifying agents in cosmetics; foaming and cleansing agents for “mouth feel.”
Present in: Many cosmetics and personal care products, read labels.
Health concerns: Human immune system toxicant; forms carcinogenic nitrosamine compounds if mixed with nitrosating agents; animal studies show sense organ effects and skin irritation; may contain harmful impurities.

DIETHANOLAMINE (DEA)
Function: pH adjuster.
Present in: Sunscreen, moisturizer, foundation, hair color.
Health concerns: Skin and immune system toxicant; possible carcinogen; irritant; animal studies show endocrine disruption and neuro developmental, brain and nervous system effects; may trigger asthma.

ETHYL ACETATE
Function: Solvent.
Present in: Nail polish products, mascara, tooth whitening, perfume.
Health concerns: Probable neurotoxin; possible nervous system toxin; possible carcinogen; irritant; highly flammable

FORMALDEHYDE
Function: Disinfectant, germicide, fungicide, preservative.
Present in: Deodorant, nail polish, soap, shampoo, shaving cream. Restricted in Canada. Banned by EU.

Health concerns: Immune system, repertory, hematological, and skin toxicant; probable carcinogen and cardiovascular toxicant; can damage DNA; may trigger asthma; animal studies show sense organ, brain, and nervous system effects; possible human development toxicant.

FORMALDEHYDE-RELEASING PRESERVATIVES ( QUATERNIUM-15, DMDM HYDANTOIN, DIAZOLIDINYL UREA AND  IMIDAZOLIDINYL UREA, DEA, MEA, TEA)
Function: Anti-microbial preservative.
Present in: Many cosmetics and personal care products, read labels.
Health concerns: Forms nitrosamines when in the presence of amines such as MEA, DEA and TEA; probable immune system, blood, cardiovascular and skin toxicant; possible carcinogen; animal studies show endocrine disruption, nervous system and organ system effects; may contain harmful impurities.

FRAGRANCE (PARFUM
Function: Deodorant, masking, perfuming
Present in: Many cosmetics and personal care products, read labels.
Health concerns: Immune system toxicant; possible neurotoxin; can contain between 10 and 300 different chemicals, many of which have never been tested for safety; see phthalates. Labeling can be confusing. If uncertain, check with manufacture.

HYDROQUINONE
Function: Antioxidant, fragrance ingredient, skin bleaching agent, hair colorant.
Present in: Skin fading/lightener, facial moisturizer, anti-aging, sunscreen, hair color, facial cleanser and moisturizer. Restricted in Canada.
Health concerns: Immune system and respiratory toxicant; probable neurotoxin; possible carcinogen; irritant; animal studies show endocrine disruption.

IODOPROPYNYL BUTYLCARBAMATE
Function: Preservative.
Present in: Many cosmetics and personal care products, read labels. Restricted in Japan.
Health concerns: Human toxicant; possible liver immune system toxin; allergenic.

LEAD and LEAD COMPOUNDS
Function: Colorant.
Present in: Hair dye, hair products. Traces found in some red lipstick. Restricted in Canada.
Health concerns: Probable carcinogen; developmental, respiratory, gastrointestinal and reproductive toxicant; reduced fertility; animal studies show metabolic, brain and nervous system effects; suspected nano-scale ingredients with potential to absorb into the skin

METHYLISOTHIAZOLINONE (MI/MCI) and METHYLCHLOROISOTHAIZOLINONE
Function: Preservative.
Present in: Many cosmetics and personal care products, read labels. Restricted in Canada and Japan.
Health concerns: Immune system toxicant; animal studies show restricted growth of the axons and dendrites of immature nerves, neurotoxicity and positive mutation results; can lead to a malfunction in the way neurons communicate with each other; especially detrimental to  a developing nervous system.

OXYBENZONE (BENZPENONE-3)
Function: Sunscreen Agent; Ultraviolet Light Absorber, UV Absorber; UV Filter.
Present in: Sunscreens and makeup
Health concerns: Associated with photoallergic reactions and immunotoxicity.  Probable carcinogen and endocrine disrupter; Enhanced skin absorption and bioaccumulates to dangerous levels; biochemical cellular changes.  Developmental and reproductive toxicity.

PARABENS (METHYL, ETHYL, PROPYL AND BUTYL)
Function: Preservative and anti-bacterial agent.
Present in: Many cosmetics and personal care products, read labels.
Health concerns: May alter hormone levels, possibly increasing risk for certain types of cancer, impaired fertility, or alteration of the development of a fetus or young child; studies have found parabens in breast tumors; probable skin toxicant; animal studies show brain and nervous system effects.

PETROLATUM (PETROLEUM)
Function: Forms barrier on skin; makes lipsticks shine and creams smoother; inexpensive skin softener.
Present in: Many cosmetics and personal care products, read labels. Banned by EU.
Health concerns: May be contaminated with impurities, linked to cancer or other significant health problems.

PHTHALATES (DIBUTYL PHTHALATES)
Function: Fragrance ingredient, plasticizer, solvent.
Present in: Many cosmetics and personal care products, read labels. Banned in EU.
Health concerns: Immune system toxicant; developmental and reproductive toxin; respiratory toxicant; probable neurotoxin; possible carcinogen and endocrine disruptor; bio-accumulative in wildlife.

P-PHENYLENEDIAMINE (PPD)
Function: Hair colorant.
Present in: Hair dye, shampoo, hair spray. Restricted in Canada.
Health concerns: Immune system and respiratory toxicant; probable neurotoxin; eczema; possible nervous system, skin, kidney and liver toxicant; irritant; may trigger asthma and gastritis; shown to cause cancer in animal studies.

PROPYLENE GLYCOL
Function: Solvent, penetration enhancer, conditions skin, controls viscosity and keeps products from melting in high or freezing when it is cold.
Present in: Many cosmetics and personal care products, read labels.
Health concerns: Alters skin structure, allowing other chemicals to penetrate deep into the skin and increasing the amounts of other chemicals that reach the bloodstream; animal studies show reproductive effects, positive mutation results, brain and nervous system effects and endocrine disruption.

SODIUM LAURETH SULFATE
Function: Surfactant, penetration enhancer.
Present in: Many cosmetics and personal care products, read labels.
Health concerns: Alters skin structure, allowing other chemicals to penetrate deep into the skin, increasing the amounts of other chemicals that reach the bloodstream; Irritant; animal studies show sense organ effects.

TALC
Function: Absorbs moisture, anti-caking agent, bulking agent.
Present in: Blush, powder, eye shadow, baby powder, deodorant.
Health concerns:  Carcinogen; link between talcum powder and ovarian cancer; talc particles are similar to asbestos particles and data suggests that it can cause tumors in the lungs; probable respiratory toxin;

TOLUENE
Function: Antioxidant, solvent to improve adhesion and gloss.
Present in: Nail polish and hair dye.
Health concerns: Liver toxin; probable developmental, nervous system and respiratory toxin; possible cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, renal and sense organ toxin; possible carcinogen and reproductive toxin; irritant; highly flammable;

TRICLOSAN
Function: Anti-bacterial agent, deodorant, preservative, biocide. Reduces and controls bacterial contamination on the hands and on treated products.
Present in: Antibacterial soaps, deodorants, toothpastes, mouthwashes, face wash and cleaning supplies. Restricted in Japan and Canada.
Health concerns: Probable endocrine disrupter and carcinogen; easily bio-accumulates to dangerous levels; irritant; animal studies show reproductive and other broad systematic effects; potentially contaminated with impurities linked to cancer and other significant health problems; studies have shown it can actually induce cell death when used in mouth washes.

TREITHANOLAMINE (TEA)
Function: Fragrance ingredient, pH adjuster, surfactant.
Present in: Hand & body lotion, shaving creams, soap, shampoo, bath powders and moisturizer.
Health concerns: Immune system toxicant; possible carcinogen; animal studies show endocrine disruption; may trigger asthma; forms carcinogenic nitrosamine compounds if mixed with nitrosating agents.

DIOXANE
Function: Penetration enhancer
Present in: Body lotion, moisturizers, sunless tanning products, baby soap, anti-aging products..
Health concerns: EPA classifies it as a probable carcinogen found in 46 of 100 personal care products marketed as organic or natural, and the National Toxicology Program considers it a known animal carcinogen.  Acute (short-term) inhalation exposure to high levels of 1,4 dioxane has caused vertigo, drowsiness, headache, anorexia and irritation of the eyes, nose, throat and lungs of humans.  It may also irritate the skin.

Products Containing Formaldehyde

Health Warnings No comments

Mayo Clinic Report

Products Containing Formaldehyde:

  • Alberto-Culver Shampoos (all)
  • Allano Hand-Body Lotion (Amway Corp.)
  • Amway L.O.C. high suds liquid detergent
  • Amway Metal Cleaner & Floor Wax
  • Amway Rug and Upholstery Shampoo
  • Clairol Shampoo
  • Colgate-Palmolive Shampoos
  • Dawn Detergent
  • Dial Shampoo (Armour-Dial, Inc.)
  • Dr. Scholl’s Shoe Deodorizer fungicide
  • Helene Curtis Crème Rinse
  • Jean Nate Shampoo (LCR Mfg. Div.)
  • Kleanwell Mouthwash (Am. Druggists)
  • L.O.C. High Suds detergent
  • Rawleigh antiseptic Solutions/Air Fresh
  • Revlon Aquamarine
  • Richard Hudnut
  • Suave Shampoo w/Egg (Helene Curtis)
  • Watkins Mouth Freshner
  • Wizard Wick
Mayo Clinic
Department of Dermatology
Rochester, Minnesota
Jacksonville, Florida    Scottsdale, Arizona  MC 1744/R1057

What is formaldehyde?

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Formaldehyde

Formaldehyde is widely used in many products. Long-term exposure may affect health.

What is formaldehyde?

Formaldehyde is a colorless, flammable gas or liquid that has a pungent, suffocating odor. It is a volatile organic compound, which is an organic compound that easily becomes a vapor or gas. It is also naturally produced in small, harmless amounts in the human body. The chemical symbol for formaldehyde is CH2O.

Formaldehyde is released into the air by burning wood, kerosene, or natural gas; from automobiles; and from cigarettes and other tobacco products. It is found in the air at home, at work, and outdoors, especially in smog. It is also found in some foods.

Formaldehyde is used as a tissue preservative in medical laboratories, and as an embalming fluid in mortuaries. It is also used as a preservative in some foods, and as an antibacterial ingredient in cosmetics, household antiseptics, medicines, dishwashing liquids, fabric softeners, carpet cleaners, lacquers, and wood products. It is used as a preservative in some paints, paper coatings, and cosmetics; in the permanent press coating on fabrics; in carpets; and in some foam insulation materials.

Formaldehyde is used industrially in the manufacturing of other chemicals, pesticides, fertilizers, latex rubber, photographic film, and preservatives; in glues and adhesives for pressed wood products such as particle board and plywood; in leather tanning; and as an industrial fungicide, germicide, and disinfectant.

How might I be exposed to formaldehyde?

You can be exposed to formaldehyde by breathing it or absorbing it through your skin. You can be exposed by breathing indoor or outdoor air that contains it, especially smog. You can also be exposed by smoking cigarettes or other tobacco products, breathing cigarette and other tobacco smoke, or breathing smoke from gas cookers and open fireplaces.

You can be exposed to formaldehyde at home if you use unvented gas or kerosene heaters indoors. You can be exposed by using household products such as construction materials, latex paints, fingernail polish, cosmetics, disinfectants, glues, lacquers, manufactured pressed wood products, fiberglass, new carpets, permanent press fabrics, paper products, and some cleaners.

You can be exposed to formaldehyde at work if you work in a hospital, laboratory, mortuary, or chemical plant. You can be exposed to higher amounts of formaldehyde if you are a doctor, nurse, dentist, veterinarian, pharmacist, pathologist, embalmer, clothing or furniture factory worker, or teacher or student working in a laboratory with preserved specimens.

How can formaldehyde affect my health?

Formaldehyde is listed as a substance “reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen” in the Eleventh Report on Carcinogens published by the National Toxicology Program because long-term exposure has been linked to increased cancer of the nose and throat. Drinking large amounts of formaldehyde can cause coma and death due to respiratory failure. Drinking formaldehyde can also cause convulsions, intense pain in the mouth and stomach, nausea, vomiting, signs of shock, vertigo, stupor, and diarrhea. Direct contact of the eyes with formaldehyde can cause permanent eye damage or loss of vision.

Exposure to high levels of formaldehyde can cause a build-up of fluid in the lungs, severe shortness of breath, bronchitis, and rapid heart rate. Continued exposure can also cause severe allergic reactions of the skin and eyes, skin allergies and rashes, and asthma-like allergies with coughing, wheezing, chest tightness, and a drop in body temperature.

Exposure to low levels of formaldehyde can irritate and burn the eyes, nose, throat, and skin. In women, exposure can cause menstrual disorders. People with asthma may be more sensitive to exposure to formaldehyde.

For poisoning emergencies or questions about possible poisons, please contact your local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222.
Web Links from MedlinePlus (National Library of Medicine)
Indoor Air Pollution

More Links
Formaldehyde (Occupational Safety and Health Administration)
Formaldehyde and Cancer Risk (National Cancer Institute)
Formaldehyde Related Health Concerns (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Formaldehyde. Haz-Map (National Library of Medicine)
Formaldehyde. Hazardous Substances Data Bank (National Library of Medicine)
Formaldehyde. ToxFAQs (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry)

Toxin Warning for your Home

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Each year, over 1 million children are accidentally poisoned in their homes.  250,000 of these victims are hospitalized.  3,000 children will end up in intensive care.  Dozens more will die. Thousands of children and adults are permanently disfigured or injured through contact with chemicals in the home, each year. Incredibly, the most common substance to poison children is a household cleaner. Many of these products are considered safe! Think of your own home – you probably have dozens of bottles of cleaners, containing hundreds of chemicals. Could an accident happen in your home? Check off the products you use in your home and evaluate your risks. All information comes from actual manufacturer’s Material Safety Data Sheets and National Poison Control Centers.

  • Liquid Bleach – DANGER! – Causes severe eye injuries. Can damage mouth; irritate the nose, throat, and lungs.
  • Toilet Bowl Cleaner – DANGER! – Contains hydrochloric acid throat, and stomach. Vapors which is highly corrosive. Burns the skin, mouth, and throat. Causes blindness.
  • Furniture Polish – DANGER! – Contact with skin can dissolve vital skin oils and cause severe dermatitis (skin burns). Can permanently injure eyes.
  • Stainless Steel Cleaner – DANGER! – Can burn the eyes and skin. Vapors can cause headaches, dizziness and stupor.
  • Aerosol Dusting Spray – DANGER! – Flammable. Irritates the lungs. 5,000 people visit emergency rooms each year with an aerosol can-related injury.
  • Oven Cleaner – DANGER! – Contains lye which is highly corrosive. Burns the skin, mouth, throat, and stomach. Causes permanent blindness.
  • Brass, Copper, Silver Polish – WARNING! – Can cause moderate eye and skin damage and burns. Fumes can cause headaches, dizziness and stupor.
  • Carpet Shampoo– WARNING! – Can cause moderate to severe burns to eyes and skin. Vapors can irritate the nose, throat and lungs.
  • Carpet Stain Remover – WARNING! – Can cause moderate to severe damage to eyes and skin. Vapors can cause respiratory distress.
  • Upholstery Stain Remover – WARNING! – Can cause moderate to severe damage to skin and eyes ingesting can lead to abdominal tenderness and bleeding.
  • Disinfectant Cleaner – WARNING! – Contains flammable propellants. Can burn skin and cause permanent corneal damage. Fumes can strongly irritate the nose, throat and lungs.
  • Powdered Bleach –WARNING! – Breathing the dust can produce asthma-like symptoms. Damages eyes and skin. Mixing with ammonia can produce deadly fumes.
  • Aerosol Air Freshener –WARNING! – Contains highly flammable propellants.  Can cause moderate irritation to the eyes. Can cause mild to moderate lung irritation, including asthma-like symptoms.
  • Window Cleaner –WARNING! – Can cause moderate irritation and damage to eyes. Fumes can be moderately to highly irritating to the lungs. Can irritate the skin.
  • All-Purpose Cleaner –WARNING! – Strong lung irritant. Can cause mild to moderate damage to the eyes. Fumes can cause weakness and dizziness.
  • Basin, Tub, & Tile Cleaner –WARNING! – Some are flammable. Contains acids that can burn the skin and cause corneal damage. Vapors can cause strong respiratory irritation.
  • Tile/Hard Water Spot Remover –WARNING! – Contains corrosive acids that can cause moderate burns and irritation to skin and eyes. Vapors can be highly irritating to nose, throat, and lungs.
  • Floor Cleaner –WARNING! – Contains corrosive acids that can cause moderate burns and irrigation to skin and eyes. Can burn mouth and throat. Can cause blindness.
  • Scouring Powder with Bleach –WARNING! – Can cause moderate irritation to skin. Can burn mouth and throat. Can cause permanent eye damage. Gives off irritating fumes when wet.
  • Drain Cleaner –WARNING! – Burns mouth, tongue, throat and stomach, causing permanent damage. Can cause severe eye damage and blindness.
  • Automatic Dishwashing Liquid –WARNING! – Strong skin irritant. Can burn throat. Many products contain bleach which can cause swelling and tearing of eye tissue. Vapors can cause headaches
  • Automatic Dishwashing Powder –WARNING! – Strong eye and skin irritant. Contains corrosive bleach that can burn mouth and throat. Most common reported poison among children.
  • Dishwashing Liquid –CAUTION! – Possible skin irritant. Can cause swelling and tearing of eye tissue. Vapors can cause labored coughing labored breathing and in severe cases death.
  • Liquid Laundry Detergent –WARNING! – Strong eye irritant can cause corneal damage. Can irritate the skin. Vapors can cause coughing, labored breathing, and in severe cases, death.
  • Powdered Laundry Detergent –WARNING! – Can burn the skin and eyes can cause corneal damage. Dust can cause headaches, dizziness, labored breathing, and in severe cases death.
  • Liquid Fabric Softeners –CAUTION! – Mild eye irritant. Skin irritant. Vapors can cause headaches, dizziness, nausea, labored breathing, and in severe cases, death. Can aggravate asthma symptoms.
  • Fabric Softener Sheets–CAUTION! – Possible skin irritant. Can irritate eyes. Vapors can cause headaches, dizziness, nausea, and in severe cases death.
  • Powdered Carpet Deodorizer –CAUTION! – Contact with skin can produce mild irritation. Contract with eyes can cause abrasive eye damage. Dust can irritate the lungs and aggravate asthma symptoms.
  • Aerosol Deodorant –DANGER! – Contains highly flammable propellants. Vapors can irritate the lungs and eyes.
  • Aerosol Hair Spray -DANGER! – Contains highly flammable propellants. Can cause eye damage due to direct contact. Skin irritant. Vapors can cause headache, dizziness, and fatigue.
  • Mouthwash –CAUTION! – Eye, nose and throat irritant. Ingestion can lead to dizziness and stupor. Most products contain 20% ethyl alcohol. Each year a number of young children die from ingestion.
  • Cologne/Perfume – Most scents contain enough alcohol to harm and kill a child after ingesting only a few swallows. Many ingredients can irritate the skin and burn the eyes.
  • Cosmetics – Cosmetics are second only to cleaning products as a prisoner of children. They are not regulated like cleaners and many have no warning labels.

All cleaning products are harmful if swallowed. However, products come with a “signal word” that designates the level of toxicity of the product. “DANGER!” indicates the product is highly toxic (less than a teaspoon can harm or kill an adult), corrosive (can burn the skin or the eyes), or flammable. “WARNING!” means the product is moderately toxic (a teaspoon to an ounce can harm or kill an adult), “CAUTION!” means a product is slightly toxic (more than an ounce can harm or produce a toxic effect in an adult), Of course, much less is needed to harm or kill a child.

The labels on products only have to warn of the acute (immediate) harms from ingesting a product, breathing the fumes, or contact with the eyes and skin. They don’t reveal the harms presented by chronic (long-term) exposure to the chemicals in these products.